There is no cure for rosacea, but the symptoms can be treated and controlled (see Rosacea Treatment). Treatment options include ways of managing skin as well as eye symptoms.
Treatment for the Skin
There are two types of antibiotics that may be prescribed for rosacea: antibiotics used directly on the skin (topical) and antibiotics taken by mouth (oral). Although the bumps on the skin may get better, the redness and flushing are less likely to improve.
Small red lines can be treated with electrosurgery and laser surgery. For some people, laser surgery improves the skin without much scarring or damage.
Patients with a swollen, bumpy nose can have extra skin tissue taken off. And some people find that green-tinted makeup is good for hiding the skin's redness.
(Click Rosacea Skin Care for more information.)
Treatment for the Eyes
Most eye problems related to rosacea are treated with oral antibiotics. People who get infections of the eyelids must clean them a lot, which entails scrubbing the eyelids gently with watered-down baby shampoo or an over-the-counter eyelid cleaner. After scrubbing, you should apply a warm (but not hot) compress a few times a day. If needed, doctors may prescribe steroid eye drops.
Here are a few self-care suggestions for dealing with rosacea:
- Keep a written record of when the flare-ups occur. This can give you clues about what bothers your skin.
- Use a sunscreen every day that protects against UVA and UVB rays. Make sure that it has a sun-protecting factor (SPF) of 15 or higher. Sunscreen is particularly important for people whose skin is irritated by exposure to the sun.
- Use a mild moisturizer if it helps, and don't put irritating products on the face.
- Practice good skin care.
- If you have eye problems, follow your doctor's treatment plan, and clean your eyelids as told.
- Talk with a doctor if you feel sad or have other signs of depression.