There are several types of rosacea, each with characteristic symptoms. These types include:
- Vascular rosacea
- Inflammatory rosacea
Vascular rosacea causes persistent flushing and redness. This occurs when blood vessels under the skin of the face dilate (enlarge) and appear through the skin as small red lines. This is called telangiectasia. The affected skin may also be slightly swollen and feel warm.
Inflammatory rosacea causes persistent redness, papules (pink bumps), and pustules (bumps containing pus) on the skin. Eye inflammation, eye sensitivity, and telangiectasia may also occur.
If rosacea is not treated, a condition called rhinophyma may develop. People with rhinophyma will have an enlarged, bulbous, and red nose resulting from the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands beneath the surface of the skin on the nose. Rhinophyma is more common in men than in women.
In addition to skin problems, up to 50 percent of people who have rosacea will develop eye problems. This is known as ocular rosacea. Ocular rosacea symptoms include:
- Sensation of having sand in the eye
- Eyelids that become inflamed and swollen.
Less common symptoms include:
- Sensitivity to light
- Blurry vision
- Other vision problems.
(Click Ocular Rosacea for more information.)